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jhangada #. Rai people are mostly live in far Eastern part of Nepal. The actual … They are landless and much poorer than the dominant caste population. The Gorakha is derived from Go + Rakha or the protectors of Cows or keeper's of Cow's which implies to Yadav's. The case of Newār is ex­cep­tional. The four Varnas in Nepal: 1. In places where it continues, it not only dictates one's occupation, but dietary habits and interaction with members of other castes as well. Polluted. Since democracy was restored in 1990, however, the government has worked to improve the marginalization of these languages. “The lowest caste is that of Chyamkhalak, since (its members) take food left over by all other castes, from Upadhyaya to Pode,” begins the 1854 Muluki Ain law on untouchability, which then goes on to define the various ritualistic food pollutions that are at the crux of caste hierarchies in Nepal. It refers to a supernatural power or powers regarded as creator and governor of the universe. It is the […] Thus, Newars are at the top of the Human Development Index. In Nepal, group of caste … According to the 2001 national census, ninety two different living languages are spoken in Nepal (a ninety third category was "unspecified"). Nepal has been since long known as a multi-ethnic, multilingual and multicultural country. The Newar have a wide range of occupations. in Nepal occurs in the Kathmandu valley during the reign of the Newari King Jayasthiti Malla (1380- 1394) where 64 different castes were allotted different tasks and ranks in the hierarchy. Ethnic groups in Nepal are a product of both the colonial and state-building eras of Nepal. Most of the Newar are Hindus, but some practice an Indian form of Buddhism. Specifically, Brahmin and Chhetri (Indo-Aryan) have advantages. Order in Paradox: Myth, Ritual and Exchange among Nepal's Tamang, 1989. Holy water is water which has been sanctified by a priest or by making contact water with special metal (gold) for the purpose of blessing of persons, places, and objects; or as a means of repelling evil. Newars are one of the major castes of Nepal. Many Nepalis combine traditional practices with their religious worship; Hinduism and the practice of ‘puja’ is commonly intermingled with shamanism. Kumari is a pre-pubescent girl chosen from the Shakya or Bajracharya caste of Newari community of Nepal. They are categorized by common culture and endogamy. Das or Dash being 10 in Nepali, dashnami includes people having 10 last names (Surnames/family names). THE caste system is a classification of several hereditary groups of hierarchical social class. In Nepal, as nearly everywhere in India, everyone knows what caste or ethnic group he or she belongs to (Gellner 2007:1823). Specifically, Brahmin women experience less equality due to their predominately rural living conditions which deprives them of access to certain educational and healthcare benefits. There are three major communities in Nepal's caste-oriented society -Khas, Newar and Maithil. The Caste Hierarchy and the State in Nepal: A Study of the Muluki Ain of 1854, 1979. Indigenous languages which have gone extinct or are critically threatened include Byangsi, Chonkha, and Longaba. The Dalits live at the bottom of Nepal’s traditional social order, known as the caste system, a 2000-year-old Hindu custom that violates civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights by many international standards. Pahari Hill Hindus of the Khas Gorkha tribe (Brahmin/Bahun and Chhetri castes) and the Newar ethnicity dominated the civil service, the judiciary and upper ranks of the army throughout the Shah regime (1768–2008). Almost half of Nepal’s Dalits live below the poverty line. Religion is the belief in a god or in a group of gods. Impure. There are about 70 castes, Buddhist as well as Hindu, covering approximately the same spectrum as the caste system of India. Like many countries, since March 24, 2020, Nepal has adopted a countrywide lockdown as a primary measure of controlling the transmission of COVID-19. There is similarity in the social structure of Khas, Newar and Maithil communities. Endogamy carves out ethnic groups in Nepal. Answered March 9, 2016 Yes,Newar is not a single caste its a community, in newar communnity there are complete caste system. Brahmin– traditionally priests, scholars and educators 2. Semester 7 Section 9 contains the conclusion of the project, and gives an answer to the thesis statement based on the findings in the analysis and discussion. [2], Since Nepal's unification, various indigenous languages have come under threat of extinction as the government of Nepal has marginalized their use through strict policies designed to promote Nepali as the official language. [9], The population wise ranking of 125 Nepalese castes groups as per 2011 Nepal census. According to National census of 2001 its population is 635,751. Nepali was the national language and Sanskrit became a required school subject. On the other hand, children who natively spoke local languages of the Madhesh and Hills, or Tibetan dialects prevailing in the high mountains were at a considerable disadvantage. Caste discrimination is the shame of modern Nepal, and those are just a few examples. Hinduism is the predominant and indigenous religious tradition of South Asia. 12 Feb, 2016 in SOCIETY. The word ‘Kumari’, originally, comes from the Sanskrit word ‘Kaumarya’, which means a princess. Most higher caste people are in positions of leadership, while Dalits are held back economically, socially, culturally and politically. Later Ram Progress has be… The CBS, 2001 recorded 43 caste-origin Hindu groups in … However the basics of it are as follows. Size of various ethnic/caste groups in the total population was hardly known. Within the Dalit community of Nepal, there are eight major caste groups and twenty-five identified sub-castes. Caste discrimination involves massive v [10][11][note 1][12], Teej celebrated by women of Khas community, Banras/Shakya Buddhist priests of Newar group, Children from isolated Danuwar ethnolinguistic group, Limbus playing traditional chyabrung, Ilam, Nepal, Senior offering Dashain Tika; a feature of Khas Parbattia community, Khas man of Nepal, as depicted in The People of India (1868-1875), List of ethnic caste-groups in Nepal by population, Pages 191/192 of the total pdf or pages 156/157 in the scanned material shows Nepalese castes/ethnic groups, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), "Economic and social structures that may explain the recent conflicts in the Terai of Nepal", "Population Monograph of Nepal Volume II (Social Demography)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ethnic_groups_in_Nepal&oldid=992945834, Articles needing additional references from March 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 23:40. 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